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Poisoning due to fungi, plants, and animals 

Poisoning due to fungi, plants, and animals
Poisoning due to fungi, plants, and animals

D Nicholas Bateman

, Robert D Jefferson

, Simon HL Thomas

, John P Thompson

, and J Allister Vale

Page of

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date: 24 August 2019

Natural toxins in our environment may result in clinical poisoning in a number of different scenarios. Inexperienced individuals who wish to source 'food for free' or natural wild products may mistakenly collect toxic mushrooms or plants and eat them. Even experienced mushroom hunters can on occasion be deceived by toxic mushrooms. The clinical features of such plant and mushroom ingestions and the principles of treatment are outlined in this chapter. The other source of poisoning from natural toxins is due to the bite of venomous animals including spiders, scorpions, and snakes on land. There are specific antidotes for some of these agents but the need for any active treatment will, in part, be determined by the clinical features and likely toxicity of the venomous bite. Marine toxins are more common in tropical seas but are occasionally encountered inpatients swimming in more temperate waters.Some marine toxins are amongst the most potent known and, particularly in Australian waters, may cause death.

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