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Pesticides, herbicides, and rodenticides 

Pesticides, herbicides, and rodenticides
Chapter:
Pesticides, herbicides, and rodenticides
Author(s):

D Nicholas Bateman

, Robert D Jefferson

, Simon HL Thomas

, John P Thompson

, and J Allister Vale

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199594740.003.0012
Page of

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date: 23 August 2019

From a global perspective, pesticides are responsible for the greatest number of poisons-induced deaths worldwide. These, however, occur mainly in developing countries with intensive agriculture and subsistence farming. Poisoning may, however, also be experienced in the more developed world, although some more toxic pesticides have been withdrawn from the marketplace, in part due to environmental and public health concerns. Commonly used household insecticides in Europe would include pyrethroids, carbamates, and neonicotinoids. Commercial insecticides are often more potent, and would include some organophosphates. Newer herbicides such as glyphosate and the chlorophenoxy derivatives are often much safer than older agents such as paraquat. Metal phosphides release the highly toxic gas phosphine. It is of course important that rescuers are appropriately protected in order to avoid mass casualty situations developing.Coumarin anticoagulants are used to control rodents, producing anticoagulant effects in man similar to warfarin, but are far more longer-acting.

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