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History of ophthalmic anaesthesia 

History of ophthalmic anaesthesia
Chapter:
History of ophthalmic anaesthesia
Author(s):

Robert W. Johnson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199591398.003.0010
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date: 05 June 2020

Introduction 2

Topical anaesthesia 4

Injection anaesthesia techniques 6

Local anaesthetic agents and adjuvants 8

Other considerations 10

General anaesthesia 14

Conclusion 17

Further reading 17

Advances in anaesthesia may result from a number of factors. Serendipity, curiosity or inspiration may sometimes be responsible but drug discovery, increased knowledge of physiology and anatomy, technological advances and changing expectations of patients, surgeons, and society in general have perhaps been most important in the evolution of ophthalmic anaesthesia. Of course, all such advances require individuals with insight, energy, and perseverance to recognize potential and develop the advance....

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