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Madhu Ahuja

and Ian Armstrong

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date: 17 January 2020

Introduction 110

Patient safety 112

Patient selection 114

Assessment of the level of sedation 116

Choosing the right sedation 118

Sedation in children 126

Sedation in the elderly 128

Controversies 129

Developments 130

The objectives of sedation are primarily to provide the patient with anxiolysis and analgesia but also to attain suitable operating conditions to allow completion of the therapeutic, diagnostic, or surgical procedure. This requires a balance of patient comfort and safety. Whilst a decision may have been taken to avoid general anaesthesia in order to prevent cardiovascular and respiratory instability, an inability to lie still or in the appropriate position may compromise the surgical procedure and patient safety....

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