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Blood products and fluid therapy 

Blood products and fluid therapy
Blood products and fluid therapy

Keith G. Allman

, Iain H. Wilson

, and Aidan O’Donnell

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date: 12 July 2020

Richard Telford

Blood products 1066

Blood conservation techniques 1072

Massive transfusion 1075

Jehovah's Witnesses 1076

Fluid and electrolyte therapy 1080

In 2008, 2.8 million units of blood and blood products were issued by the blood transfusion services of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. There has been a steady fall in the number of units of packed red cells issued since 1999 which probably reflects the adoption of restrictive blood transfusion practices by clinicians. All donated blood is tested for HIV-1, HIV-2, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and syphilis. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody-negative blood components are available for immunosuppressed patients and neonates. In the UK, white cells are routinely removed from blood components as a precaution against new variant Creutzfeldt–Jacob disease (vCJD), leaving a residual leucocyte count of <5×10...

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