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Antibiotics—mechanisms of action 

Antibiotics—mechanisms of action
Chapter:
Antibiotics—mechanisms of action
Author(s):

Sebastian G. B. Amyes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199581368.003.0002
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date: 29 March 2020

The action of the penicillins and cephalosporins along with vancomycin—inhibitors of bacterial cell wall synthesis.

The selective action of trimethoprim and inhibitors of bacterial folic acid synthesis.

Bacterial protein synthesis, an early target for antibiotics but often now less popular particularly as they generally do not kill bacteria.

The action of ciprofloxacin and metronidazole, still two important inhibitors of bacterial DNA synthesis.

The recent revival of colistin has reawakened interest in antibiotics that affect cell permeability.

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