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Renal complications of HIV infection 

Renal complications of HIV infection
Renal complications of HIV infection

Susan E. Collins

, Thomas Hays

, and Paul Klotman

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date: 18 September 2020

1. HIV infection is associated with a broad list of renal pathologies including HIVAN, ICD and TMA.

2. HIVAN occurs predominantly in people of African descent with uncontrolled disease.

3. Clinical criteria alone are poor predictors of renal pathology; kidney biopsy remains the gold standard.

4. The presence of HIVAN is an indication for initiating ART regardless of CD4 count.

5. Well-controlled, HIV-positive patients with ESRD should be referred for renal transplant evaluation.

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