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Takayasu arteritis 

Takayasu arteritis
Chapter:
Takayasu arteritis
Author(s):

Vivekanand Jha

and Kirpal S. Chugh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199579655.003.0082
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date: 27 September 2020

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic inflammatory arteriopathy of unknown aetiology that involves large vessels, e.g. aorta and its main branches and the pulmonary artery. This condition is named after Mikito Takayasu, a Japanese ophthalmologist, who described circular anastomosis of the retinal vessels in a young female in 1905. Schimizo and Sano recognized the clinical triad of absent radial pulses, hypersensitive carotid sinus and ocular fundal changes in 1948. The term Takayasu arteritis was introduced by Cacamise and Whitman in 1952. Other synonyms of TA are pulseless disease, aortic arch syndrome, occlusive thromoarteriopathy, middle-aortic syndrome, idiopathic medial aortopathy, aortitis syndrome, primary arteritis of the aorta, brachiocephalic arteritis, panaortitis, non-specific aortoarteritis and Onishi's disease.

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