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The normal cardiac examination in pregnancy 

The normal cardiac examination in pregnancy
The normal cardiac examination in pregnancy

Dawn L. Adamson

, Mandish K. Dhanjal

, and Catherine Nelson-Piercy

Page of

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date: 02 July 2022

Normal examination in pregnancy 14

General appearance 14

Pulse 15

Blood pressure 16

Jugular venous pressure (JVP) 17

Apex 17

Heart sounds 18

Murmurs 19

The haemodynamic changes associated with pregnancy may be easily misinterpreted as abnormal. This chapter describes the normal findings in pregnancy, and some pathological signs are also described....

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