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PAH associated with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary cardiac shunts 

PAH associated with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary cardiac shunts
PAH associated with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary cardiac shunts

Clive Handler

and Gerry Coghlan

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date: 23 October 2019

Introduction 100

Congenital heart disease 100

Classification of congenital heart disease anomalies associated with PH 101

Anatomical-pathophysiological classification of congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts associated with PAH 102

Histology of CHD-PAH 104

Medical treatment for CHD-PAH 104

Further reading 104

There is an increasing number of patients with CHD-PAH due to improved surgical and medical treatments of those who have unrepaired defects. Patients should be referred to a specialist centre....

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