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Related specialties 

Related specialties
Chapter:
Related specialties
Author(s):

Patrick J O’Dwyer

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199571772.003.012
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date: 22 September 2020

Gynaecology

Endometriosis 556

Pelvic inflammatory disease 560

Ovarian cysts 562

Ovarian malignancy 566

Endometrial cancer 568

Cervical cancer 570

Ectopic pregnancy 572

Urology

Sexually transmitted infections 574

Ureteric injury/reconstruction 580

Bladder resection/injury 588

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial stroma or glands outside the uterine cavity. Cyclical stimulation of ectopic endometrial tissue may induce a chronic inflammatory reaction associated with symptoms including chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Endometriosis is unusual in being a non-malignant condition that demonstrates invasive characteristics. The condition can exhibit a wide range of diverse clinical manifestations. Clinical appearances often correlate poorly with symptom severity. Severe endometriosis may be encountered in the asymptomatic patient....

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