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Stomas 

Chapter:
Stomas
Author(s):

Patrick J O’Dwyer

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199571772.003.009
Page of

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date: 22 February 2020

Classification and indications 402

Stoma care 408

Ileostomy function and physiology 412

Stoma formation 414

Stoma reversal 420

Surgery-related complications 422

Patient and appliance-related complications 432

The 18th century saw a number of reports of spontaneous and surgically produced colostomies, e.g. faecal fistula after necrosis of incarcerated colon in hernia. However, colostomies were not routinely fashioned until the start of the 20th century....

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