Show Summary Details
Page of

Spiritual Well-Being Scale: mental and physical health relationships 

Spiritual Well-Being Scale: mental and physical health relationships
Spiritual Well-Being Scale: mental and physical health relationships

Raymond F. Paloutzian

, Rodger K. Bufford

, and Ashley J. Wildman

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 May 2022

One essential companion to the concept of spirituality is spiritual well-being (SWB). That is, although the degree and type of spirituality per se can no doubt play an important role in how well a person faces the dilemmas related to health issues, the degree to which a person perceives or derives a sense of wellbeing from that spirituality may be equally or more important. In this connection, SWB is an outcome indicator, or barometer, of how well a person is doing in the face of whatever the person is confronting. Therefore, although SWB is not synonymous with spirituality, it is closely related to it. Similarly, SWB is not synonymous with mental health or physical health, but is likely to be related to both of them. SWB connotes one’s subjective perception of well-being in both the religious and/or existential dimensions in accord with whatever is implicitly or explicitly conceived of as a spiritual umbrella for the individual. The Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) was developed in order to be a tool for self-assessment of these aspects of general perceived well-being. Since its first publication in 1982, a large body of research has been done with the SWBS. An exhaustive review of all of this research is beyond the scope of this chapter. Here, we focus specifically and selectively on research related to healthcare. We highlight those studies using the SWBS that are related to mental health variables or to the mental and well-being issues that are consequences or correlates of physical health conditions. In order to maximize the usefulness of this chapter, it is necessary to first summarize the intellectual roots of the concept of SWB and what the SWBS does and does not measure, and secondly to explain the meaning and utility of its religious well-being (RWB) and existential well-being (EWB) subscales. We also summarize the literature with the SWBS as related to mental and physical health variables, note any strengths and weaknesses, research directions, and applications of the SWBS, and summarize implications of SWB research for healthy healthcare practice.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.