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Background and basics 

Background and basics
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date: 01 December 2020

Advances in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) have led to significant improvements in prognosis and quality of life, but globally CHD remains a leading cause of premature death and disability. In 2001 CHD was responsible for 11.8% of all deaths in low- and middle-income countries and 17.3% in high-income countries, accounting for over 7 million deaths worldwide. By 2020 CHD is projected to be the leading cause of death and disability-adjusted life years, reflecting a rapidly increasing prevalence in developing countries and Eastern Europe, and the rising incidence of obesity and diabetes in the Western world.

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