Show Summary Details
Page of

Pregnancy and Heart Disease 

Pregnancy and Heart Disease
Pregnancy and Heart Disease

Patrizia Presbitero

, Giacomo G. Boccuzzi

, Christianne J.M. Groot

, and Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 September 2021

Heart disease, though rare, is in Western countries a major cause of maternal mortality. Heart disease can be present or discovered during pregnancy because of haemodynamic overload of the heart, particularly during the third trimester when cardiac output doubles.

Most of the knowledge in recognition and treatment of cardiac disease during pregnancy is not based on evidence from randomized trials, but is derived from clinical experience, few case reports, and small consecutive series. These are summarized in the guidelines on ‘Management of Cardiovascular Diseases During Pregnancy’ from the European Society of Cardiology, the basis for this chapter. The physiological changes that occur during pregnancy have a different impact depending on the type and severity of cardiac anomalies. Differential diagnosis with normal pregnancy related physiological changes is also discussed....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.