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Panos E. Vardas

, Hercules E. Mavrakis

, and William D. Toff

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date: 24 September 2021

Bradycardia is a common clinical finding, which requires careful and thorough assessment to correctly establish the underlying diagnosis and determine the appropriate therapy. Bradycardia is often a benign condition requiring no intervention, but when it gives rise to symptoms or results from conduction abnormalities that are associated with an adverse prognosis, cardiac pacing may be required unless a reversible and remediable cause can be identified. An accurate electrocardiographic diagnosis, consideration of the clinical context, and confirmation of a temporal association with any symptoms are the essential first steps to determine the appropriate therapy....

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