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Tumours of the Heart 

Tumours of the Heart
Chapter:
Tumours of the Heart
Author(s):

Gaetano Thiene

, Marialuisa Valente

, Massimo Lombardi

, and Cristina Basso

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199566990.003.020
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date: 22 August 2019

Tumours rarely involve the heart; secondary neoplasms (cardiac metastases from lung carcinoma, lymphoma, breast, hepatic, and kidney cancer) are much more frequent than primary neoplasms (20:1).

Ninety per cent of all primary cardiac tumours are benign. Myxoma, by far the most frequent benign tumour (70%), is typically located in the left atrium, and manifests with intracavitary obstruction, embolism, and constitutional symptoms but may also be silent and discovered incidentally by echocardiography. It is also observed in children. Papillary fibroelastoma is an endocardial papilloma, which although quite small, may become symptomatic through embolic events. Typical tumours of the paediatric age group are fibroma, rhabdomyoma, and teratoma....

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