Show Summary Details
Page of

Pericardial Disease 

Pericardial Disease
Pericardial Disease

Jordi Soler-Soler

and Jaume Sagristà-Sauleda

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 September 2021

Pericardial diseases are not uncommon. The diagnosis is not usually difficult and the prognosis is good, but uncertainty frequently arises in relation to their management. Clinical syndromes include acute inflammatory pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis. These syndromes sometimes coexist. Acute pericarditis is the most frequent pericardial syndrome; accordingly, it is extensively dealt with in this chapter, with emphasis on the clinical management. The advantages and limitations of invasive pericardial procedures and sophisticated laboratory studies in pericardial fluid and tissue are discussed, and recommendations for the indications of pericardiocentesis and pericardial biopsy are provided. Pericardial effusion, either as an isolated finding or accompanying other pericardial or extra-cardiac diseases, constitutes a frequent diagnostic challenge that is discussed separately. The correct diagnosis and management of pericardial constriction is an important issue as the concept of constrictive pericarditis has recently been expanded and, on the other hand, it is a curable disease if pericardiectomy is appropriately indicated. The main characteristics and management of the most important specific types of pericarditis are discussed and, finally, some rare types of pericardial diseases are commented on....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.