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Cardiovascular Problems in Chronic Kidney Disease 

Cardiovascular Problems in Chronic Kidney Disease
Chapter:
Cardiovascular Problems in Chronic Kidney Disease
Author(s):

Eberhard Ritz

and Andrew Remppis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199566990.003.1502
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date: 22 August 2019

Until recently, impaired kidney function was an orphan in the cardiological assessment of patients with heart disease, while in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) cardiological assessment was not considered a high priority. However, impressive evidence has now been provided that cardiovascular problems critically determine life expectancy of patients with CKD....

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