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Cardiovascular Problems in Chronic Kidney Disease 

Cardiovascular Problems in Chronic Kidney Disease
Cardiovascular Problems in Chronic Kidney Disease

Eberhard Ritz

and Andrew Remppis

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date: 24 September 2021

Until recently, impaired kidney function was an orphan in the cardiological assessment of patients with heart disease, while in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) cardiological assessment was not considered a high priority. However, impressive evidence has now been provided that cardiovascular problems critically determine life expectancy of patients with CKD....

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