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Hypertension 

Hypertension
Chapter:
Hypertension
Author(s):

Sverre E. Kjeldsen

, Tonje A. Aksnes

, Robert H. Fagard

, and Giuseppe Mancia

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199566990.003.013
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date: 22 August 2019

Hypertension, usually defined as persistent blood pressure at 140/90mmHg or higher, affects about a quarter of the adult population in many countries and particularly in Western societies. Hypertension is a risk factor for most, if not all, cardiovascular diseases and renal failure. While blood pressure should be measured repeatedly for the diagnosis, new techniques such as 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and self-measured, home blood pressure taking are increasingly being used for diagnosis and assessment during treatment. Modern work-up of hypertensive patients focuses on the detection of target organ damage, i.e. left ventricular hypertrophy and renal effects including microalbuminuria....

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