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Sverre E. Kjeldsen

, Tonje A. Aksnes

, Robert H. Fagard

, and Giuseppe Mancia

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date: 24 September 2021

Hypertension, usually defined as persistent blood pressure at 140/90mmHg or higher, affects about a quarter of the adult population in many countries and particularly in Western societies. Hypertension is a risk factor for most, if not all, cardiovascular diseases and renal failure. While blood pressure should be measured repeatedly for the diagnosis, new techniques such as 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and self-measured, home blood pressure taking are increasingly being used for diagnosis and assessment during treatment. Modern work-up of hypertensive patients focuses on the detection of target organ damage, i.e. left ventricular hypertrophy and renal effects including microalbuminuria....

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