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Borwin Bandelow

, Katharina Domschke

, and David S. Baldwin

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date: 03 August 2021

Panic attacks are defined as sudden anxiety attacks with at least 4 out of 13 somatic (physical) and psychic (psychological) anxiety symptoms

Panic Disorder is diagnosed when recurrent panic attacks occur or when at least one attack is followed by enduring anticipatory anxiety

Agoraphobia is the fear and avoidance of crowds, narrow rooms, pub-lic transport or other situations, which can be characterized as places in which patients fear that in case a panic attack occurs, medical help would be difficult to obtain.

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