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Congenital abnormalities 

Congenital abnormalities
Congenital abnormalities

Sujal R. Desai

, Susan J. Copley

, Zelena A. Aziz

, and David M. Hansell

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date: 21 January 2021

Congenital lung anomalies 308

Congenital cystic pulmonary lesions 310

Lung agenesis and hypoplasia (pulmonary underdevelopment) 316

Hypogenetic lung (scimitar) syndrome 318

Congenital lung anomalies may be encountered as incidental findings on imaging tests. Their clinical presentation and severity varies widely. Prenatal ultrasound testing may detect lung anomalies but a precise diagnosis is often only made in the post-natal period. In recent years, there has been increasing enthusiasm for the use of fetal MRI (including volumetric assessment and lung spectroscopy) to identify abnormal fetal lung growth....

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