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Athanasios Kalantzis

and Crispian Scully

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date: 29 January 2022

Introduction 64

Urinalysis 66

Venepuncture (phlebotomy) 70

Blood tests 72

Radiology 82

Imaging techniques: simple 84

Imaging techniques: advanced 86

Histopathology 88

Biopsy techniques 90

Cytology 92

Microbiology 94

Investigations in cardiovascular disease 98

Investigations in respiratory disease 100

Investigations in abdominal disease 102

Investigations in salivary gland disease ...

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