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Pulmonary regurgitation 

Pulmonary regurgitation
Pulmonary regurgitation

Jim Newton

, Nikant Sabharwal

, Saul Myerson

, Steven Westaby

, and Bernard Prendergast

Page of

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date: 26 June 2022

Epidemiology 248

Aetiology 248

Symptoms 250

Clinical signs 250

Natural hisotry 252

Initial investigations 252

Differential diagnosis 252

Echocardiographic assessment 254

Medical therapy 256

Surveillance 256

Indications for surgery 258

Surgical therapy 258

A trace of PR is detected in many subjects but clinically significant PR is rare. PR is usually secondary to previous intervention on the valve or outflow tract in the context of underlying congenital heart disease. IE of the pulmonary valve is extremely rare but can lead to significant PR....

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