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Tricuspid regurgitation 

Tricuspid regurgitation
Tricuspid regurgitation

Jim Newton

, Nikant Sabharwal

, Saul Myerson

, Steven Westaby

, and Bernard Prendergast

Page of

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date: 21 May 2022

Introduction 218

Epidemiology 218

Aetiology 218

Symptoms 222

Clinical signs 222

Natural history 222

Initial investigations 223

Echocardiographic assessment 224

Grading severity 228

Invasive assessment 230

Medical therapy 230

Surveillance 230

Indications for surgery 231

Surgical therapy 233

A degree of TR is found in the majority of patients at echocardiography and is clinically insignificant. It is important however to detect more severe TR as it can lead to severe symptoms and poor prognosis....

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