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Aortic stenosis 

Aortic stenosis
Aortic stenosis

Jim Newton

, Nikant Sabharwal

, Saul Myerson

, Steven Westaby

, and Bernard Prendergast

Page of

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date: 17 May 2022

Introduction 98

Epidemiology 98

Aetiology 98

Symptoms 100

Clinical signs 100

Complications 102

Exercise testing 104

Initial investigations 106

Differential diagnosis 106

Echocardiographic assessment 108

Grading severity 114

Invasive assessment 116

Medical therapy 118

Surveillance 119

Indications for surgery 120

Management algorithm for severe aortic stenosis ...

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