Show Summary Details
Page of

Non-invasive assessment of vascular calcification and arterial stiffness 

Non-invasive assessment of vascular calcification and arterial stiffness
Non-invasive assessment of vascular calcification and arterial stiffness

Paolo Raggi

and Gerard M. London

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 10 August 2020

Increasing awareness of the negative prognostic impact of VC in CKD patients has generated great interest in the natural history and pathogenesis of this condition. The identification of factors associated with VC, as well as its progression sparked a wave of research into methods to assess VC and to inhibit its progression. Although quantitatively accurate, CT technologies are expensive, deliver a substantial dose of radiation and cannot be utilized in an ambulatory setting. Hence, Goodman et al. proposed a simplified approach to identify and semi-quantitatively assess the extent of VC in CKD patients. This approach includes a combination of echocardiography to detect valvular calcification, plain X-rays for peripheral and abdominal aorta calcification, as well as measurement of arterial pulse pressure as an indirect index of arterial stiffness. The long-term impact of this approach will need to be further elucidated, although preliminary evidence indicates that it may improve the risk stratification of CKD patients.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.