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Systemic hypertension 

Systemic hypertension
Chapter:
Systemic hypertension
Author(s):

Juan Carlos Kaski

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199557462.003.0047
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date: 01 April 2020

Background 96

Definition and long-term complications 96

Causes 98

Clinical assessment 100

Classification of hypertension 101

General management principles 102

Treatment targets 105

Acute presentation of hypertension 105

Management of hypertension 106

Management of hypertension in specific clinical circumstances 110

Prevalence estimates of systemic hypertension are 1 billion worldwide, contributing to 4.5% of global disease burden, 64 million DALYs (disability adjusted life-years), and 7.1 million premature deaths. Analyses by the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that about 62% of CVD and 49% of ischaemic heart disease are attributable to suboptimal BP levels (SBP >115mmHg)....

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