Show Summary Details
Page of

Heart failure 

Heart failure
Heart failure

Juan Carlos Kaski

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 26 October 2020

Introduction 4

Chronic heart failure with reduced LVEF (systolic heart failure) 6

Pharmacological management of chronic heart failure 8

Non-pharmacological management of chronic heart failure 18

Chronic heart failure with preserved LVEF (diastolic heart failure) 20

Acute heart failure 22

Clinical trials 26

Heart failure (HF) is a complex condition that results from cardiac functional and/or structural abnormalities that affect the ability of the heart to pump blood, and is often defined as the inability of the heart to adequately perfuse the organs of the body. Symptoms of HF vary depending on several factors but the most common manifestations of HF are dyspnoea and fatigue. Of importance, HF is not necessarily associated with a reduced ejection fraction (EF) (systolic HF), as up to 50% of cases occur in the presence of a preserved systolic function (diastolic dysfunction)....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.