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abatacept, rheumatoid arthritis [link]
abdominal compartment syndrome [link]
abdominal injuries [link], [link]
diagnosis [link], [link]
management [link]
pelvic ring fractures [link]
resuscitation [link]
retroperitoneum [link]
abductors, in total hip replacement [link]
abductor hallucis [link]
abductor pollicis
brevis [link]
longus [link], [link]
congenital anomalies [link]
maximum excursion [link]
abscess
Brodie’s [link]
spinal [link]
absorbable implants see implants, absorbable
acceleration [link]
accessory navicular
in children [link]
injuries [link]
accessory nerve injuries [link]
acetabular fractures [link]
associated patterns [link], [link]
anterior column and posterior hemitransverse fractures [link]
both-column fractures [link]
posterior column and posterior wall [link]
T-shaped fractures [link], [link]
transverse and posterior wall [link]
bony anatomy [link], [link]
children [link]
classification [link]
elementary patterns [link]
anterior column fracture [link], [link]
anterior wall fracture [link]
posterior column fracture [link], [link]
posterior wall fracture [link], [link]
transverse fracture [link]
incidence and mechanism of injury [link]
interpretation [link]
management [link]
associated femoral shaft fractures [link]
elderly patients [link]
initial [link], [link]
non-operative management [link]
indications [link], [link], [link]
results [link]
technique [link]
operative management [link]
complications [link], [link]
implants [link], [link]
indications [link]
planning and facilities [link], [link]
postsurgical care [link]
reduction techniques and aids [link], [link]
results [link]
surgical approach [link], [link]
timing [link]
total hip arthroplasty after [link]
radiography [link], [link], [link]
anteroposterior view [link]
iliac oblique view [link], [link]
obturator oblique view [link]
acetabular osteotomy [link], [link]
Bernese periacetabular procedure [link], [link]
Chiari [link]
contraindications [link]
dial [link]
shelf [link]
surgical considerations [link]
triple [link]
acetabular reconstruction [link], [link], [link]
type I defect [link]
type II defect [link]
type III defect [link], [link]
type IV defect [link], [link]
acetabular templating [link], [link]
acetabuloplasty, hip dysplasia [link]
acetabulum
bone metastases [link], [link]
fixation
cemented [link], [link]
uncemented [link]
roof arc [link]
superior dome [link]
in total hip replacement [link], [link]
see also acetabular
acetaminophen see paracetamol
Achilles tendinitis
insertional [link]
non-insertional [link], [link]
Achilles tendon [link]
anatomy [link]
blood supply [link]
imaging [link]
lengthening of [link]
Achilles tendon injuries [link], [link]
posterior heel pain [link]
rehabilitation [link]
rupture [link]
acute [link], [link]
delayed [link], [link]
repair [link], [link]
tears [link]
treatment [link]
achondroplasia [link]
scoliosis [link], [link]
acidosis
and blood coagulation [link]
treatment [link]
acromial fracture [link], [link]
acromial morphology
Bigliani grade [link]
Uhtoff grade [link]
acromioclavicular joint [link]
anatomy [link]
arthropathy [link]
clinical presentation [link]
complications [link]
initial treatment [link]
surgery [link]
dislocations [link]
aetiology [link]
classification [link]
examination and diagnosis [link]
treatment options [link]
treatment results [link]
distal clavicular osteolysis [link]
examination [link]
injuries [link], [link]
children [link]
epidemiology, mechanism and classification [link]
treatment, results and complications [link]
pain from [link]
pseudodislocation of distal clavicle [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link]
acromion
bipartite [link]
fractures [link]
see also acromial
acromium see acromion
Actinomyces israelii [link]
actinomycetoma [link]
actinomycin, Ewing’s sarcoma [link]
actinomycosis [link]
activities of daily living [link]
spinal cord injury [link]
acute haematogenous osteomyelitis see osteomyelitis
acute pain [link]
management [link]
acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) [link], [link]
femoral shaft fractures [link]
adalimumab
juvenile idiopathic arthritis [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link]
Adams forward bending test [link]
adductor hallucis [link]
adductor longus
release of [link]
strains [link]
adductor muscle
strains [link]
tendinopathy [link]
adductor pollicis [link]
adipofascial flaps [link], [link]
adolescents
anterior cruciate ligament rupture [link]
fractures, femoral shaft [link]
hallux valgus [link]
hip arthritis [link]
aetiology [link]
examination [link]
history [link]
imaging [link], [link], [link]
treatment [link], [link], [link]
idiopathic scoliosis [link]
Cobb angle [link]
see also scoliosis
knee pain [link], [link]
lumbar disc herniation [link]
osteochondral fractures [link]
patellar dislocation [link]
Tillaux fracture [link]
see also paediatrics
adriamycin, rhabdomyosarcoma [link]
adult respiratory distress syndrome see acute respiratory distress syndrome
advance directives [link]
Aeromonas hydrophila [link], [link]
age effects
bone mineral density [link]
head injury recovery [link]
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease [link]
low back pain [link]
prevalence of Dupuytren’s disease [link]
replantation prognosis [link]
shoulder pathology [link]
spinal cord injury patients [link]
agreement [link]
air embolism [link]
Albers-Schönberg disease [link]
Albright’s syndrome [link]
alcohol, and Dupuytren’s disease [link]
alendronate
avascular necrosis [link]
osteoporosis [link]
alkaline phosphatase [link]
bone [link]
metabolic bone disease [link]
alkaptonuria [link]
Allen’s test [link]
allodynia [link], [link]
allografts [link], [link]
allopurinol, gout [link]
aluminium oxide [link]
aluminium phosphate, and joint disease [link]
Ambi hip screw [link]
Americal Spinal Association
Impairment Scale [link]
spinal cord injuries chart [link]
aminobisphosphonates [link]
amitriptyline, CPRS [link]
amniotic band syndrome [link], [link]
amputations [link], [link]
children
in spina bifida [link]
choice of level [link]
complications [link]
confounding factors [link]
flexor tendon disorders [link]
future developments [link]
indications [link], [link]
levels of [link]
lower limb [link]
Syme’s [link], [link]
mechanisms [link]
avulsion [link]
crush injury [link]
military injuries [link]
sharp/guillotine injuries [link]
outcome measures [link]
prostheses [link], [link]
rehabilitation [link], [link]
spina bifida [link]
surgical principles [link], [link]
tibial pseudarthrosis [link]
timing of [link]
transfemoral [link]
transtibial [link], [link]
upper limb [link]
elbow [link]
fingers [link], [link], [link]
replantation [link]
shoulder [link]
traumatic [link]
wrist and forearm [link], [link]
vs limb salvage [link]
amyloidosis [link]
juvenile idiopathic arthritis [link]
amyoplasia see arthrogryposis
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [link]
anaemia, sickle cell [link], [link]
anaesthesia
digital replantation [link]
Dupuytren’s disease [link]
elbow arthroscopy [link]
neuraxial [link]
see also surgery
analgesics [link], [link]
routes of administration [link]
anatomic snuffbox [link]
anatomy
ankle [link]
Achilles tendon [link]
arthritis [link], [link]
fractures [link], [link], [link]
ligament injuries [link]
foot
arthritis [link]
calcaneum [link], [link], [link], [link]
Charcot foot [link]
hallux valgus [link]
Lisfranc injuries [link], [link]
toe deformities [link]
hand
carpometacarpal joints [link]
distal interphalangeal joints [link]
flexor tendons [link]
infections [link]
metacarpophalangeal joints [link], [link]
proximal interphalangeal joint [link]
thumb osteoarthritis [link]
trapeziometacarpal joint [link]
hip
arthroscopy [link], [link]
children [link]
coxa vara [link]
dysplasia [link], [link]
knee [link]
anterior cruciate ligament [link]
patella [link], [link]
patellofemoral joint [link]
lower limb
femoral shaft fractures [link]
tibia vara [link]
tibialis posterior dysfunction [link]
muscle-tendon unit injuries [link], [link]
nerves [link]
pelvis
children [link]
ring fractures [link]
shoulder [link], [link]
acromioclavicular joint [link]
glenohumeral dislocation [link]
scapula [link]
skeletal muscle [link], [link]
tendons [link], [link], [link]
peroneal [link]
upper limb
biceps [link]
brachial plexus [link], [link]
distal humerus [link]
distal radioulnar joint [link], [link], [link], [link]
forearm fractures [link]
humeral shaft fractures [link]
proximal humerus fractures [link], [link]
supracondylar fractures [link], [link]
wrist [link], [link]
Kienböck’s disease [link]
scaphoid [link], [link], [link]
anchor bias [link]
André-Thomas sign [link]
aneurysmal bone cyst [link], [link]
clinical presentation [link]
pathology [link]
radiology [link]
treatment and outcome [link]
angiofibroblastic hyperplasia tendinosis [link]
angiogenesis [link]
frozen shoulder [link], [link]
angiographic embolization [link]
angiography
musculoskeletal tumours [link]
vascular injuries [link]
angiolipoma [link]
angiosarcoma [link], [link], [link]
animal bites [link]
children [link]
hand [link]
ankle
anatomy [link]
arthritis [link], [link]
fractures [link], [link], [link]
ligament injuries [link]
arthritis [link]
bleeding and bleeding disorders [link]
clinical presentation [link]
clinical signs [link]
incidence and aetiology [link]
medical management [link]
orthoses [link]
post-traumatic [link]
surgery [link], [link], [link]
examination [link]
footballer’s [link]
instability [link], [link]
children [link]
treatment [link], [link]
ligaments [link]
ligament injuries [link], [link]
anatomy [link]
children [link]
examination [link]
osteochondral lesion of talar dome [link]
predisposing factors [link]
syndesmosis [link]
synovial impingement [link]
treatment [link]
sports injuries [link]
see also foot
ankle dislocation [link]
ankle fractures [link]
anatomy [link], [link], [link]
children [link], [link]
classification [link], [link]
congruence [link]
description [link]
diagnosis [link]
diastasis fixation [link], [link]
fibula [link]
type A fractures [link], [link]
type B fractures [link], [link]
type C fractures [link], [link], [link]
malleolar
posterior [link]
outcome [link], [link]
stability [link], [link]
treatment
algorithm [link], [link]
closed [link]
initial [link]
operative [link]
ankle orthoses [link]
ankle-brachial pressure index [link]
ankle-foot orthoses [link], [link], [link]
anterior ground reaction [link]
Charcot restraint orthotic walker [link], [link]
conventional [link]
hinged [link]
posterior leaf spring [link], [link]
rigid [link]
ankylosing spondylitis [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
diagnostic criteria [link]
hip replacement [link]
investigation [link], [link]
kyphosis [link]
management [link]
morning stiffness [link]
annular tears [link], [link]
annulus fibrosus [link]
antecubital fossa [link]
anterior calcaneal syndromes [link]
anterior cervical discectomy and fusion [link]
anterior cruciate ligament [link]
avulsion fractures [link], [link]
examination [link]
force-elongation curve [link]
injuries in children –1, [link], [link]
insufficiency [link]
reconstruction [link], [link]
anatomy [link]
bone tunnel preparation [link], [link], [link]
children [link], [link]
complications [link]
graft fixation [link]
graft harvest [link]
graft options [link]
graft strength [link]
indications for surgery [link]
intercondylar notch preparation [link]
natural history [link]
perioperative management [link]
procedure [link]
rehabilitation [link]
results [link]
rupture [link], [link]
management [link]
osteoarthritis [link]
skeletally immature patients [link]
stress-strain curves [link]
tears [link]
anterior draw test [link], [link], [link], [link]
anterior ground reaction ankle-foot orthoses [link]
anterior interosseous nerve [link]
anterior interosseous nerve syndrome [link]
tests for [link]
anterior talofibular ligament [link]
avulsion [link]
anterior tibial artery [link], [link]
anterior tibial cortex fractures [link]
anthrax [link]
anti-TNF drugs [link], [link]
anti-Xa inhibitors [link]
antibiotic cement [link], [link]
antibiotics
head trauma [link]
military injuries [link]
open fractures [link], [link], [link]
osteomyelitis [link], [link]
post-hip replacement [link]
anticoagulation, major limb replantation [link]
anticonvulsants, head trauma [link]
antiglide plates [link], [link]
antimalarial drugs, rheumatoid arthritis [link]
antinuclear antibodies [link]
systemic lupus erythematosus [link]
antioestrogens, desmoid tumour [link]
antiphospholipid syndrome [link]
anxiety, whiplash injuries [link]
AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association classification system [link], [link]
tibial plafond fractures [link]
tibial shaft fractures [link]
Apert’s syndrome [link]
foot abnormalities [link]
aphasia [link]
apical ectodermal ridge [link]
Apley’s grind test [link]
apophyseal disorder [link]
apophyseal injuries [link]
apoptosis [link]
apprehension sign [link]
apprehension test [link]
arachnodactyly, congenital contractural [link]
arachnoiditis [link]
arcade of Frohse [link]
arm see upper limb
Arnold-Chiari malformation [link]
arterial injuries [link], [link]
repair [link]
arterial insufficiency [link]
arterial shunts [link]
arteritis, giant cell [link]
arthritis
ankle [link]
anatomy [link], [link]
bleeding and bleeding disorders [link]
clinical presentation [link]
clinical signs [link]
incidence and aetiology [link]
medical management [link]
orthoses [link]
surgery [link], [link], [link]
distal radial joint [link], [link]
arthroplasty [link], [link]
Darrach procedure [link], [link]
hemiresection interposition arthroplasty [link], [link]
Sauvé-Kapandji procedure [link], [link]
foot [link]
aetiology [link]
anatomy [link]
clinical presentation [link]
deformity [link]
examination [link], [link], [link]
investigations [link], [link]
medical management [link]
neuropathic [link], [link]
orthoses [link]
presentation [link], [link]
surgery [link]
systemic arthropathy [link], [link]
hand [link]
hip [link]
and inflammatory bowel disease [link]
knee [link]
osteotomy [link]
osteoarthritis see osteoarthritis
patellofemoral [link]
post-traumatic
acetabular fractures [link]
ankle [link]
calcaneocuboid joint [link]
foot [link]
hip dislocation [link]
psoriatic [link]
reactive [link]
rheumatoid see rheumatoid arthritis
scaphoid non-union [link]
septic [link], [link]
children [link], [link], [link]
shoulder [link]
stemmed total shoulder replacement [link]
sternoclavicular joint [link]
tuberculous [link]
arthro-osteitis, sternoclavicular joint [link]
arthrodesis
ankle [link]
arthroscopic [link], [link]
external fixation [link]
internal fixation [link]
triple [link]
cerebral palsy [link]
Crawford-Adams [link]
flexor tendon disorders [link]
foot [link]
subtalar fusion [link], [link]
talonavicular fusion [link]
triple fusion [link], [link]
hallux valgus [link]
first metatarsophalangeal joint [link]
first tarsometatarsal joint [link]
hip [link]
conversion to total hip replacement [link]
interphalangeal [link], [link]
proximal [link]
juvenile idiopathic arthritis [link]
knee [link]
indications [link]
technique [link], [link]
metatarsophalangeal [link], [link]
tarsometatarsal [link]
trapeziometacarpal [link]
wrist
Kienböck’s disease [link]
midcarpal [link], [link]
radiocarpal [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link], [link]
secondary arthritis [link]
total [link]
arthrofibrosis [link]
arthrography
carpal instability [link]
CT
shoulder [link]
wrist [link]
distal radioulnar joint [link], [link]
hip dysplasia [link], [link]
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease [link], [link]
MR [link]
shoulder [link]
wrist [link], [link]
arthrogryphotic syndromes [link]
arthrogryposis [link], [link]
aetiology, pathogenesis and pathology [link]
clinical features [link]
epidemiology and genetics [link]
lower limbs [link], [link], [link]
feet [link]
hips [link]
prognosis [link]
spine [link]
treatment [link], [link]
upper limbs [link], [link], [link]
elbows [link]
shoulders [link]
wrists and hands [link], [link]
arthropathies
acromioclavicular joint [link]
calcium pyrophosphate chondrocalcinosis [link], [link]
Jaccoud’s [link]
spondyloarthropathies [link]
ankylosing spondylitis see ankylosing spondylitis
arthritis complicating inflammatory bowel disease [link]
psoriatic arthritis [link]
reactive arthritis [link]
arthroplasty
ankle [link]
basal thumb [link]
Du Vries [link]
elbow
interpositional [link]
total [link], [link]
hemihamate [link]
interphalangeal [link], [link]
proximal [link]
juvenile idiopathic arthritis [link]
elbow [link]
hip [link]
knee [link]
shoulder hemiarthroplasty [link]
Keller’s procedure [link]
metacarpophalangeal [link], [link]
palmar plate [link]
trapeziometacarpal joint [link]
trapezium excision [link]
trochanteric fractures [link]
ulnohumeral [link], [link]
wrist [link]
distal radial joint [link], [link], [link]
lunate [link]
arthroscopic debridement [link]
arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff disease [link]
classifications [link], [link]
contraindications [link]
indications [link]
portals [link]
postoperative rehabilitation [link]
principles [link]
results [link], [link]
subscapularis [link], [link]
technique
double-row repair [link]
large tears [link], [link]
small to moderate tears [link]
arthroscopic subacromial decompression [link], [link]
complications [link]
contraindications [link]
Copeland-Levy classification [link], [link]
history [link]
indications [link], [link]
portals [link]
results [link]
technique [link], [link], [link]
treatment failure [link]
arthroscopy
ankle arthritis [link], [link]
elbow [link], [link]
distal radioulnar joint [link], [link]
hip [link]
anatomy [link], [link]
clinical findings [link]
clinical presentation [link]
contraindications [link]
indications [link]
investigations [link], [link]
treatment [link]
shoulder [link], [link]
calcifying tendinitis [link]
frozen shoulder [link], [link]
glenohumeral [link]
wrist [link]
carpal instability [link], [link]
arthrosis, distal radioulnar joint [link]
articular cartilage, general [link], [link], [link]
cement line [link]
in children [link]
composition [link]
healing [link]
injuries [link], [link]
as load-carrying structure [link]
structure [link]
articular cartilage, of knee [link]
injury [link], [link]
loss of [link]
repair [link]
arthroscopic debridement and thermal chondroplasty [link]
autologous chondrocyte implantation [link]
future options [link]
microfracture and marrow stimulation [link]
non-surgical options [link]
osteochondral autograft transplantation [link]
realignment surgery [link]
treatment algorithm [link], [link]
articular fractures, monolateral external fixation [link], [link], [link]
Arvind test [link]
aseptic loosening
hip replacement [link]
aetiology and pathogenesis [link]
clinical features [link]
investigation [link]
treatment [link]
X-ray classification [link], [link]
hip resurfacing arthroplasty [link]
knee replacement [link]
aseptic lymphocytic vasculitis associated lesions (ALVAL) [link], [link]
Askin’s tumour [link]
Aspergillus spp., hand infections [link]
aspiration see joint aspiration
aspirin
DVT prophylaxis [link]
thromboprophylaxis [link], [link], [link]
assessment [link]
Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) [link]
astragalus see talus
ataxic cerebral palsy [link], [link]
athetosis [link]
athletic pubalgia see sports hernia
Atkins classification of calcaneal fractures [link]
Atlanta Scottish Rite brace [link]
atlanto-occipital injuries [link]
atlantoaxial injuries
children [link]
dislocation [link]
rotatory subluxation [link], [link], [link]
atlantoaxial instability [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
children [link]
classification [link], [link]
treatment [link], [link]
atlas
fractures [link], [link]
children [link]
classification [link], [link]
stable [link]
treatment [link], [link]
unstable [link], [link]
ossification centres [link]
audit [link]
auditory problems, whiplash injuries [link]
Austin Moore hemiarthroplasty [link]
autografts [link], [link], [link], [link]
biological environment [link]
indications [link]
long-term effects [link]
mechanical environment [link]
morbidity [link]
nature of [link]
properties of [link]
sources of [link]
timing [link]
autonomic dysreflexia [link]
availability bias [link]
avascular necrosis
Bucholz-Ogden classification [link]
hip [link], [link], [link], [link]
resurfacing arthroplasty [link]
navicular body [link]
pelvic [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
laboratory findings [link]
pathogenesis [link]
radiological features [link], [link]
treatment [link]
post-fracture [link], [link]
classification [link]
evaluation and investigation [link]
management [link]
proximal scaphoid pole [link]
talus [link]
trochanteric fractures [link]
trochlear [link]
aviator’s astragalus [link]
avulsion fractures
anterior cruciate ligament [link], [link]
extensor tendons [link]
hip [link]
ischial tuberosity [link]
metacarpophalangeal [link]
pelvic ring [link]
phalangeal [link]
rectus femoris [link]
triquetrum [link]
avulsion lesions
amputation [link]
brachial plexus [link]
Gerdy’s tubercle [link]
axial slap hammer extractors [link]
axillary nerve [link]
injuries [link]
axis, traumatic spondylolisthesis see hangman’s fracture
axonotmesis [link], [link], [link]
azathioprine
rheumatoid arthritis [link], [link]
systemic lupus erythematosus [link]