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Musculoskeletal injuries in children 

Musculoskeletal injuries in children
Chapter:
Musculoskeletal injuries in children
Author(s):

Tim Theologis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.014001
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date: 13 December 2019

In children, bone is more flexible and heals faster than in adults but is at risk of growth disturbance. It is also capable of remodelling

The physis is weaker than the structures around it and therefore is liable to disruption in trauma

The possibility of injuries as a result of abuse must be considered in children and have a characteristic pattern

In poly trauma, children are more susceptible to hypothermia. Abdominal viscera and the cranium are more vulnerable. However, the central nervous system has more scope for recovery, and the cardiovascular system has an excellent capacity for coping with hypovolaemic shock

A reliable specific paediatric score should be used to plan treatment

The management of fractures is more likely to involve traction, plaster, and K-wires.

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