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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: surgical management 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: surgical management
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: surgical management

Nicholas D. Riley

and A. Hashemi–Nejad

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date: 27 January 2022

Approximately 10% of juvenile idiopathic arthritis cases will require a surgical procedure

Non-operative management aims to prevent deformity, promote normal growth, and maintain function

Perioperative problems must be anticipated and managed appropriately

Deformity may be treated by soft tissue release and/or osteotomy

Synovectomy may be useful if the articular surface is well-preserved

Arthrodesis is rarely indicated except in the wrist/hand

Arthroplasty is successful in restoring function.

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