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Thoracolumbar, lumbar, and sacral fractures 

Thoracolumbar, lumbar, and sacral fractures
Thoracolumbar, lumbar, and sacral fractures

Philip Sell

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date: 27 January 2022

High-energy trauma often results in serious spinal fractures. The junctional zone between the relatively stiff thoracic spine and the more mobile lumbar spine is particularly susceptible to injury

The role of decompression in spinal cord injury remains uncertain at level three or four evidence

Unstable fractures may be stabilized using modern fracture fixation methods enabling easier nursing care in polytrauma and earlier mobilization than non-surgical treatment

There is level two evidence that stable thoracolumbar fractures have similar outcomes with surgical and non-surgical treatment

There are many fracture classification systems that are not validated or have poor inter- and intraobserver error. Recent modern validated systems may in the future assist in the rational planning of interventions for spinal injury.

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