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Complications of fractures 

Complications of fractures
Chapter:
Complications of fractures
Author(s):

James Wilson-MacDonald

and Andrew James

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.012002
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date: 13 December 2019

Fat embolism syndrome is defined as the presence of globules of fat in the lungs and in other tissues and occurs occasionally in long bone fractures

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy is characterized by intense prolonged pain, vasomotor disturbance, delayed functional recovery, and trophic changes

Avascular necrosis typically affects intra-articular bone after fracture and can occur in up to 70% of displaced talar neck fractures

Immobility associated with recovery from fracture is associated with deep vein thrombosis, which carries a risk of pulmonary embolism, and should be treated with anti-coagulants

Gas gangrene is a rapidly-spreading infection of devitalized tissue, removal of the affected area and treatment with penicillin is required

Compartment syndrome within a closed compartment can result in tissue ischaemia and necrosis followed by fibrosis and muscle contracture

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