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History and examination of the knee 

History and examination of the knee
History and examination of the knee

Tim Spalding

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date: 21 October 2021

History and examination of the knee are linked and specific examination is determined by the likely diagnosis indicated by the history

The 5 diagnostics groups are: Anterior knee pain; Traumatic injury to knee ligaments, meniscus, or other structures; Degenerative osteoarthritis; Inflammatory joint problem; and other problems

General examination of the knee is still required with the patient, walking, standing, sitting, and lying supine

Specific examination is targeted to 4 areas: The patello-femoral joint and extensor mechanism; Meniscal pathology; Ligament stability; and Arthritis. The pattern of signs elicited should lead to definitive diagnosis.

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