Show Summary Details
Page of

Choice of surgery for tumour: Staging and surgical margins 

Choice of surgery for tumour: Staging and surgical margins
Choice of surgery for tumour: Staging and surgical margins

Panagiotis D. Gikas

and Timothy W.R. Briggs

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 06 July 2022

Bone and soft tissue tumours are rare and should therefore be assessed and treated in specialized centres

Clinical staging and pathological grading is used to classify the extent of a tumour

Clinical staging uses various imaging techniques, pathological grading requires tumour biopsy following clinical staging

The Enneking system is commonly used for surgical staging of bone and soft tissue tumours

Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for musculoskeletal tumours

The surgical margin describes the extent of the procedure

Intralesional margins describe a procedure that removes the tumour alone, radical margins may require removal of entire bone

Open incisional biopsy is the gold standard method for obtaining a representative specimen of tumour

Careful planning and good collaboration between surgeons, radiologists, and pathologists is crucial to avoid unnecessary or dangerous biopsy procedures.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.