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The musculoskeletal system: structure and function 

The musculoskeletal system: structure and function
Chapter:
The musculoskeletal system: structure and function
Author(s):

Parminder J. Singh

and Rohit Kotnis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.0003
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date: 12 December 2019

Structure of bone is comprised of cells, matrix, and water

Bone consists broadly of three surfaces (periosteal, endosteal, and Haversian) and two membranes (periosteum and endosteum)

The blood supply of bone is derived from four main routes (nutrient, metaphyseal, epiphyseal, and periosteal arteries)

There are three main types of cells in bone (osteoblast, osteocyte, and osteoclast)

The matrix is a composite material consisting of an organic and an inorganic component

Two types of bone formation are intramembranous and endochondral ossification

The skeleton is also involved in the vital homeostasis of calcium and phosphate.

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