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Spinal pain and soft tissue rheumatism 

Spinal pain and soft tissue rheumatism
Spinal pain and soft tissue rheumatism

Anthony B. Ward

, Michael P. Barnes

, Sandra C. Stark

, and Sarah Ryan

Page of

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date: 16 April 2021

Introduction 418

Acute back pain 420

Chronic back pain 422

Neck pain 426

Shoulder pain 430

Lateral humeral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) and medial humeral epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow) 434

Carpal tunnel syndrome 436

De Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis 438

Work-related upper limb disorders 440

Low back and neck pain are common and may result from abnormalities occurring within the vertebrae, the intervertebral discs, the facet joints, the ligaments and from the spinal canal and the nerve roots themselves. Pain may be referred from distant sites—such as the abdomen—and in some cases may be functional or psychogenic in nature....

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