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Cognitive and intellectual function 

Cognitive and intellectual function
Cognitive and intellectual function

Anthony B. Ward

, Michael P. Barnes

, Sandra C. Stark

, and Sarah Ryan

Page of

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date: 19 September 2020

Background and terminology 214

Perceptual problems 216

Language and communication problems 218

Memory problems 220

Attention deficits and other problems of higher executive function 224

Cognitive rehabilitation 226

Cognition is the term that refers to all the processes involved in perceiving, learning, remembering, and thinking. Thus, cognitive problems are very common in any process that affects brain function. The key to helping people with cognitive problems is accurate assessment of the nature of the problem. This should be followed by clear-cut information and advice about the nature of the problem—both to the affected person and the family. Until recent years neurologists and neuropsychologists had to stop at this point as there was little functional assistance that could be offered. This is now less true, and there are a number of useful strategies designed to improve various cognitive problems or at least to help the individual cope with them better. Cognitive rehabilitation is a relatively new and largely untested field but rapid progress is being made....

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