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Anthony B. Ward

, Michael P. Barnes

, Sandra C. Stark

, and Sarah Ryan

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date: 26 September 2020

Introduction and referral 142

Assessment 144

Speech and language disorders 146

Commonly associated diseases 148

Communication aids 150

Patient follow-up 152

Communication encompasses speech, non-verbal communication, special senses (the ability to hear and to see), and is reliant on normal cognitive function. Speech and language therapists have a major role to play in the assessment of communication and in the treatment of its disorders, but the whole rehabilitation team has to be skilled in recognizing and adopting the most effective and sensitive way to communicate with patients. People with communication disorders are frequently poorly appreciated and feel that it is the world at large that has the problem. Those with pure motor speech deficits however, usually understand that they have a problem and become immensely frustrated by it....

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