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Nutritional management of patients receiving primary cancer therapy 

Nutritional management of patients receiving primary cancer therapy
Chapter:
Nutritional management of patients receiving primary cancer therapy
Author(s):

Richard D. Johnston

, Rachel A. Barrett

, and Tim E. Bowling

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199550197.003.0028
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date: 18 September 2019

Chapter 28 discusses the interaction between cancer and nutrition. Nutrition is implicated in the aetiology of developing certain tumours, for example, a high intake of red and processed meats and colon cancer. Malnutrition at the outset of cancer diagnosis, or while undergoing its associated treatments, is a well-established poor prognostic indicator for survival. Not only do malnourished cancer patients have a worse survival, but they also have a lower quality of life, reduced performance status and increased risk of treatment-related complications. Optimizing and maintaining the nutritional status of cancer patients is consequently a critical area of their management, despite not being a primary focus of their cancer treatment.

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