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Tumours and masses 

Tumours and masses
Chapter:
Tumours and masses
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199549573.003.09
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date: 25 June 2019

Introduction 214

General scanning technique 216

Identifying cardiac masses 220

CMR features suggesting malignancy 222

Non-tumourous masses 224

Benign cardiac tumours 226

Malignant cardiac tumours 230

Cardiac tumours are rare – ~0.1–0.3% at autopsy, many of which may be incidental findings. Benign tumours and other masses are far more common than malignant tumours, and of the malignancies, metastases are many times more common than primary cardiac tumours. Masses in or around the heart can be seen on echocardiography or CT and further investigation is required to separate artefact and innocent structures from true masses potentially of concern to the patient and clinician....

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