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Falls and osteoporosis 

Falls and osteoporosis
Chapter:
Falls and osteoporosis
Author(s):

Finbarr C Martin

and Denise Kendrick

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199546589.003.0013
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date: 23 October 2019

Chapter 13 discusses falls and osteoporosis, where a fall is ‘an event whereby an individual comes to rest on the ground or another lower level with or without a loss of consciousness’. There are other definitions but this simple one adopted by the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) makes sense in clinical practice. It includes a spectrum of events with syncope at one end and loss of balance due to postural instability at the other. A fall is a symptom, not a diagnosis, and although assessment can be a clinical challenge, it is worthwhile as the frequency of falls can be reduced and the devastating consequences can be minimized.

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