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Maculopathy 

Maculopathy
Chapter:
Maculopathy
Author(s):

Rebecca Lone

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199544967.003.0006
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date: 21 September 2019

Maculopathy is one of the commonest causes of blindness in the Western world.

In diabetic populations diabetic maculopathy causes blindness in 80% of cases due to diabetic retinopathy (DR).

It is defined as a disease of the macula region located within the retina.

Screening for diabetic maculopathy and identification of surrogate markers for clinically significant macula oedema (CSMO) will identify sight-threatening maculopathy at a stage when there is the best potential laser treatment outcome.

There are three main types of maculopathy: exudative, ischaemic, and cystoid maculopathy due to diabetes, all of which have a detrimental effect on visual acuity (VA) if untreated.

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