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Anatomy of the eye and the healthy fundus 

Anatomy of the eye and the healthy fundus
Anatomy of the eye and the healthy fundus

Laurence Quant

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date: 03 August 2020

The anterior segment

The cornea

The sclera

The iris

The lens

The aqueous humour.

The posterior segment

The vitreous humour

The retina

The neuro-sensory layer

The photoreceptors (rods and cones)

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)

Bruch’s membrane

The choroid

The macula

The fovea

The retinal vasculature

The optic nerve.

The appearance of a healthy fundus

Normal variations:


RPE changes



Tortuous vessels

Tigroid fundus

Myopic crescent.

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