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Lifestyles 

Lifestyles
Chapter:
Lifestyles
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199533220.003.0012
Page of

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date: 26 August 2019

Citizenship 436

Residential alternatives 438

Supported living and home ownership 440

Village and intentional communities 442

Risk management 444

Productive work 446

Supported employment 448

Networks of support and friends 450

Encouraging friendships 452

Retirement 454

Retirement options 456

The idea of citizenship is based on the relationship between the individual and the state. It embraces the notion of reciprocal rights and responsibilities between citizen and state. If we believe in the existence of rights, it follows that we also believe in corresponding duties. We have a notion of a ‘good citizen’ who lives up to his responsibilities in society, and believe that the state has an obligation to meet the welfare needs of its citizens. The principle of representation is fundamental in society. It is connected closely with the concept of citizenship, which centres on the relationship between the individual and the state. Marshall has referred to citizenship as a status bestowed on those who are full members of a community....

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