Show Summary Details
Page of

Living and Working in the Institution, 1890–1920 

Living and Working in the Institution, 1890–1920
Chapter:
Living and Working in the Institution, 1890–1920
Author(s):

James W. Trent

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199396184.003.0004
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 June 2020

Chapter 4 considers the internal workings of the American institution between 1890 and 1920, when public and private institutions increased in size and spread in number. The institution in its growing population and bureaucratic complexity involved many actors. At the institution was a staff hierarchy—from ward attendants and “high-grade imbeciles” providing direct care to bakers, cooks, construction workers supplying day-to-day maintenance; from teachers providing the 3-Rs to farm hands supervising the inmates who provided produce and meat for the institution; and from matrons who supervised daily activities to the superintendent and his assistants who provided organization control. Besides the actors at the institution, there were parents and relatives who interacted with their institutionalized children. The chapter uses letters, diaries, institutional reports, and photographs to construct the meaning of the institution from the perspectives of its various actors.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.