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Developmental Biology Related to Emotion and Anxiety 

Developmental Biology Related to Emotion and Anxiety
Developmental Biology Related to Emotion and Anxiety

Daniel S. Pine

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date: 23 November 2020

Fear and anxiety motivate behaviors across species and are often experienced during childhood. This chapter applies the same terms across species to facilitate translational perspectives on expressions of fear and anxiety across development. Humans can richly describe their experiences when threatened, but, given a translational perspective, the current chapter more strongly emphasizes data on behavior, information-processing, and brain functions shared across species than on reported experience. While the chapter broadly considers emotions, it focuses most deeply on fear and anxiety. Current developmental conceptualizations reflect three research areas reviewed in three chapter sections. First, longitudinal research is described on developmental aspects of anxiety in humans. Second, basic research is described on neural circuitry in rodents and non-human primates. Finally, brain imaging research is described to integrate these two areas.

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