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Anxiety and Suicide 

Anxiety and Suicide
Chapter:
Anxiety and Suicide
Author(s):

Jessica D. Ribeiro

and Matthew K. Nock

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199395125.003.0023
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date: 28 October 2020

As one of the leading causes of injury and death worldwide, suicidal behavior represents a pressing public health concern. Although the link between the presence of mental disorders and suicidal thoughts and behaviors has been well-established, the specific role that anxiety plays in contributing to the risk of suicide and suicidal behavior remains unclear. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss existing research examining the nature of the association between anxiety and suicidal behavior. This chapter (1) provides an overview of the literature empirically evaluating this association, (2) describes proposed explanatory mechanisms that may account for observed associations, and (3) discusses existing evidence of the effects of anxiety-focused interventions on reducing suicide risk. The chapter closes by highlighting several gaps in the literature and offering recommendations for future research.

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