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Anxiety Disorders and Cardiovascular Illness 

Anxiety Disorders and Cardiovascular Illness
Chapter:
Anxiety Disorders and Cardiovascular Illness
Author(s):

Michael J. Zvolensky

, Jafar Bakhshaie

, and Charles Brandt

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199395125.003.0019
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date: 03 April 2020

This chapter explores the linkages between anxiety and its disorders with cardiovascular disease (CHD). CHD is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States and in other regions of the world, especially among western nations. There is now widespread recognition that psychological processes (e.g., stress, anger, depression, isolation), including in more recent years emotional states such as anxiety and fear, can contribute to the presentation and course of CHD and related conditions. The chapter discusses the similarities, differences, and interactive relations between anxiety and cardiovascular illnesses. It concludes with a discussion about the biobehavioral processes that may undergird the interplay between anxiety disorders and cardiovascular illnesses, as well as treatment considerations for these comorbid conditions.

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